PubMed日本語 - 元運動選手における身体活動と筋骨格障害の関係。―QLifePro医療翻訳医療翻訳 QLifePro



Relationships between physical activity and musculoskeletal disorders in former athletes.

Published date

Relationships between physical activity and musculoskeletal disorders in former athletes.


Published date


Coll Antropol. 2010; 34; 1335-40;


Kaja Haljaste, Eve Unt


University of Tartu, Institute of Sport Pedagogy and Coaching Science, Tartu, Estonia.


The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and risks for musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in relation to previous athletic status and current physical activity level in former athletes. Main anthropometric data, sports history, current physical activity and MSD were estimated using a questionnaire in 219 (148 males, 71 females) former athletes (35-75 years old) and 79 controls (33 males, 46 females). According to the previous participation in top-level sports, former athletes were divided into three groups: (a) endurance, n=120 (76 males, 44 females); (b) speed-power, n=57 (43 males, 14 females); (c) team sports, n=42 (29 males, 13 females). The most prevalent MSD among the male and female ex-athletes were back and knee pain. The endurance ex-athletes group (both males and females) had significantly higher risk for the knee problems than the control group (Odds ratio--OR 5.9, 95% CI 1.7-20.00, p < 0.05). Team sports athletes (males and females) showed significantly higher risk for Achilles' tendon injuries (OR 3.19 95% CI 1.19-8.5, p < 0.05) as compared to controls. Back pain did not show any significant associations with previous physical activity and current physical activity level. Current physical activity was significantly associated with a lower risk for the knee and hip pain. Body mass index was positively associated with knee problems. In conclusion, our study results revealed that previous participation in enduranve sports events is associated with a significantly higher risk for knee problems. At the same time current regular physical exercise 6-11 times per month is associated with a lower prevalence of knee and hip problems as compared to those who exercised less than 6 times per month.


トップレベルのスポーツへの以前の参加によれば、元運動選手は、3つの群に分けられた: (a) 耐久性、n=120(76人の男性、44人の女性); (b) 速度-力、n=57(43人の男性、14人の女性); (c) チームスポーツ、n=42(29人の男性、13人の女性)。
耐久性元運動選手群(男性と女性)には、膝の問題のために、対照群(オッズ比 ― OR 5.9、95%CI 1.7-20.00、p < 0.05)より有意に高いリスクがあった。
団体競技運動選手(男性と女性)は、対照と比較するとアキレスの腱損傷(OR 3.19 95%のCI 1.19-8.5、p < 0.05)のために、有意により高いリスクを示した。

460万語の専門辞書を備えた医療者専用翻訳サービス QLifePro医療翻訳